Deaf man became a state-certified EMT. Deaf EMT 'better than some hearing staff' with Bethlehem ambulance company | lehighvalleylive.com The ADA is a civil rights law enacted in 1990 that prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability. In other words, EMS services are required to consider disabled applicants for employment if the candidate "with or without reasonable accommodations, can perform the essential functions of the employment position." The key phrases are "essential functions" or the job and "reasonable accommodations." Association of Medical Professional with Hearing Losses (AMPHL) Change ADA to allow deaf EMT employee?